Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 14 February Archived from the original on 11 January Archived from the original on 13 May Archived from the original on 23 February Archived from the original on 30 September Archived from the original on 12 June Archived from the original on 22 May Archived from the original on 28 December Archived from the original on 9 August Retrieved 26 August Islamic Beliefs, Practices, and Cultures.
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Marshall Cavendish. Retrieved 19 December A common compromise figure ranks Sunnis at 90 percent. Retrieved 24 August BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 18 December Library of Congress Country Studies.
Beliefs and Practices
Archived from the original on 16 February Retrieved 17 December Sunni constitute 85 percent of the world's Muslims. USA Today. Among the world's estimated 1. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 25 August Sunni Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide "Sunni Islam is the dominant division of the global Muslim community, and throughout history it has made up a substantial majority 85 to 90 percent of that community.
Retrieved 8 December Archived from the original on 24 November Human Rights Watch. June Retrieved 29 March Asian Religions in British Columbia. University of Columbia Press. The community currently numbers around 15 million spread around the world Juan Eduardo Campo Encyclopedia of Islam.
The total size of the Ahmadiyya community in was estimated to be more than 10 million "Ahmadiyya Muslims". Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 6 October See also Ahmadiyya by country. Archived from the original on 26 December Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original PDF on 20 October Retrieved 10 March Archived from the original on 15 August SkyLight Paths Publishing.
Retrieved 31 August Archived from the original on 7 September Islam: Empire of Faith. Archived from the original on 28 June Esposito , pp. Peters , p. Buhl; A. Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. Hava Lazarus-Yafeh. United States: Washington State University. Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 17 November United States: Central Intelligence Agency. Matthew S. Approaching the Qur'an: The Early Revelations. White Cloud Press. Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Fowler , revised by Ernest Gowers Oxford, Mohammedanism: an historical survey. Modern Muslims dislike the terms Mohammedan and Mohammedanism, which seem to them to carry the implication of worship of Mohammed, as Christian and Christianity imply the worship of Christ.
Oxford English Dictionary 3rd ed. September Subscription or UK public library membership required. Muslim Britain: Communities Under Pressure. October Archived PDF from the original on 5 February Every Muslim family, no matter where they live, knows what direction the Kaaba is from their house. Each period for prayer has a special name and each time is separated by two hours. These essential times are:. Shiites are the second-largest group.
The Shiites split from the Sunnis in when Muhammad died. Ramadan Ramadhan Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and a time when Muslims across the world will fast do not eat during the hours of daylight. The Muslim year is a lunar moon year, so Ramadan moves forward by ten or eleven days each year. The day Ramadan begins is decided by the sighting of the new moon. Muslims believe that the gates of Heaven Jannah are open and the gates of Hell Jahanam are locked for the duration of Ramadan. During Ramadan, Muslims celebrate the time when the verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
Ramadan is a time of worship and contemplation. A time to strengthen family and community ties.
Every Muslim is expected to fast from sunrise to sunset. Muslims must not eat or drink during daylight hours. During Ramadan Muslims get up early before dawn Fajr and have a light meal. This time is known as Suhoor. At the end of each day Maghrib , Muslims traditionally break their fast with a meal called the iftar. Following the custom of Prophet Muhammad, the fast is often broken with dates, then followed by a prayer and dinner. Eid-ul-Fitr marks the breaking of the fast for Muslims at the end of Ramadan. Lasting three days, it is a time for family and friends to get together, for celebrating with good food and presents for children, and giving to charity.
Eid ul-Adha is the second most important festival in the Muslim calendar. It is to remember the time when Abraham was going to sacrifice his own son to prove obedience to God and marks the end of the Hajj , the annual pilgrimage to Makkah Mecca.
The Five Pillars of Islam
It takes place on the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar. Dhu Al-Hijja: The month of pilgrimage during which all Muslims, at least once in their life, should try to make the pilgrimage to Mecca. Photographs of Makkah Mecca. Islamic Artefacts Symbols of Islam.
Follow me on Twitter mbarrow. I teach computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow. Muslim Festivals.
The young Turks rejecting Islam - BBC News
Islam is the second most popular religion in the world with over a thousand million followers. Islam is mainly followed in the Middle East, Asia, and the north of Africa. Index Who is the founder of Islam? What does Islam mean?
What is Islam based on? What is a Muslim? What do Muslims believe? Who or what is Allah? Who is Muhammad pbuh? What is the holy book of Islam called? Where do Muslims worship? What are the Five Pillars of Islam?